Summary

Australia Victoria Melbourne
Medal - Melbourne International Exhibition Gold 1880 (AD)
Mint: Melbourne
Awarded to: William Bliss & Son for Woollen Goods
Other Details: This gold medal was awarded to the English Company William Bliss & Son for its exhibit of Worsted and Woollen Goods (Jury Section XVI - Official Record, p.319). The jury remarked on the company's display of a 'great variety of goods, including shawls and rugs' (p.107). It was one of 14 British companies to recieve a gold medal in this class. The company also won an Exhibition certificate for their display of Shawls in the same class. William Bliss & Son was a woollen manufacturer based in Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, England. The Melbourne International Exhibition ran from 1 October 1880 to 30 April 1881. The exhibition building that still stands was constructed for the occasion, designed by Joseph Reed and built by David Mitchell. Over 1.3 million people visited the exhibition at a time when Melbourne's population was only around 282,000.

Physical Description

Gold medal awarded to William Bliss & Son for Woollen Goods. It features a head of Queen Victoria facing left wearing coronet and veil by Harry Stokes (name on truncation), with the legend MELBOURNE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION MDCCCLXXX : The reverse has the legend "VITAM / EXCOLVERE / PER ARTES" WITHIN A CLOSED OLIVE WREATH and the artist's name H. STOKES in small letters at the bottom

Obverse Description

Head of Queen Victoria, wearing small crown and veil left; around, MELBOURNE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION MDCCCLXXX .

Reverse Description

At centre within closed wreath, "VITAM / EXCOLVERE / PER ARTES" below in tiny letters, H.STOKES

Edge Description

WILLIAM BLISS & SON, CHIPPING-NORTON - WOOLLEN GOODS

Significance

A competition for the design of a prize-winners medal for the 1880 Melbourne International Exhibition was arranged by the Exhibition Commission. A Committee was formed and a sketch produced to guide entrants to the competition. The competition was to be judged by V. Delves Broughton, Deputy Master of the Melbourne Mint, who would later oversee the actual production.

Broughton was not involved in the Committee's discussion about the preferred design, and was horrified when he saw the guide sketch that had been sent out to interested artists. The design was too complex (and, according to Broughton's correspondence, the relief too deep) to be produced. It appears he hastily wrote to each artist indicating that variations on the design were welcomed, and that the choce of winner would be based on which could be made from the thinnest guage of metal. He advised that the head of the Queen was unsuited to the task, and suggested that the Queen's head on the obverse of the Ashantee war medal by L.C. Wyon, featured in the Exhibition Catalogue, was a good model. Entrants were also directed to look at ancient medals and coins exhibited by the Mint.

The competition was won by Melbourne medallist and jeweller Ernst Altmann. The Melbourne Mint still rejected the design as too difficult to strike. Eventually a modified form of the Ashantee medal from the Sydney Mint presentation medal was used, combined with a simple reverse with wreath design entered by medallist Harry Stokes.

The medals were minted, and awarded in the folliwng manner. Gold, first prize with medal, for applications of new and useful principles, the production of useful machines, or great skill in manufacture, invention or design. Gold, second prize with certificate, for objects of art. Gold, third prize with certificate, for manufactures, products and industries of high merit. Silver and bronze medals were awarded for exhibits of lesser importance; silver and bronze level certificates were issued to lesser winners in each of these categories. -Sharples, John P. 1990. Medals as Art: Australia and the Meszaros tradition, p.16. - D. Tout-Smith 23/10/2003.

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