Summary

Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by Love & Roberts, Storekeepers, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, 1865. The earliest records of this business are two advertisements from 1866, the first for the Newtown Store Annual Stock-Taking. The second described their new stock for the 'Autumn and Winter season' and gave an extensive listing of the range of fabrics, hats and other draperies they sold. In 1867 they were listed as 'Storekeepers, Wagga Wagga' in Samson's National Directory of New South Wales for 1867.

Previous Collections: George McArthur

Physical Description

A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token gives the name and address of the issuer, Love & Roberts, Storekeepers at Wagga Wagga and of the manufacturer: T. Stokes, Melbourne together with the date of issue, 1865. It depicts a plough on the reverse. Much original mint lustre on obverse.

Obverse Description

At centre in a straight line LOVE & ROBERTS; curved above, WAGGA WAGGA, curved below, STOREKEEPERS / NEW SOUTH WALES The space between T of STORE and E of NEW is 0.8 mm. Border of 140 dots, V of LOVE to top of S

Reverse Description

Plough facing left; below, T.STOKES MELBOURNE / 1865; around, THE COMMERCIAL PASTORAL & FARMING INTERESTS : The numeral 1 of the date falls under the letters KE of STOKES, border of 141 dots.

Edge Description

Plain

More Information

  • Collection Names

    McArthur Bequest

  • Collecting Areas

    Numismatics & Philately, Sustainable Futures, Working Life & Trades

  • Acquisition Information

    Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), George McArthur, 15/3/1976

  • Date Issued

    1865 AD

  • Issued By

    Love & Roberts, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia, 1865

  • Mint

    Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Greater Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1865

  • Previous Collection

    George McArthur

  • Inscriptions

    Obverse: LOVE & ROBERTS STOREKEEPERS WAGGA WAGGA NEW SOUTH WALES Reverse: THE COMMERCIAL PASTORAL & FARMING INTERESTS 1865 T.STOKES MELBOURNE

  • Denomination

    1 Penny

  • Series

    Trade Tokens

  • Material

    Copper

  • Axis

    12

  • Classification

    Trade tokens, Australia - new south wales, Working strikes

  • Category

    History & Technology

  • Discipline

    Numismatics

  • Type of item

    Object

  • Dimensions

    16.196 g (Weight)

  • Exhibition Collection Management

    34 mm (Width)

  • Shape

    Round

  • References

    Love and Roberts employed the Melbourne die sinker Thomas Stokes to prepare its token issue. Two obverse and two reverse dies were employed for the original work but these remained with Stokes and were employed in the early Twentieth century for re-striking and combined with a further other Stokes dies mule concoction. The museum storage is based on die identification and on original or late strikes - the late strikes and concoctions are stored with other late strikes, they are Twentieth century collector pieces, not trade tokens. This token is an original strike employing the die combination B/1 For the original strikes there were two obverses and two reverses: Obverse A: T of STORE to E of New is 1.8 mm, the V of LOVE points to the middle of the S, border of 131 dots Obverse B: T of STORE to E of New is 0.8 mm, the V of LOVE points to the top of the S, border of 140 dots Reverse 1: 1 of date below letters KE of STOKES, lower handle of plough points to G, border of 141 dots Reverse 2: 1 of date below letters OK of STOKES, lower handle of plough points between NG, border of 131 dots The museum holds two Love and Roberts dies: reverse 2 - NU35758 = rev 2 and obverse A - NU35764
    [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
    [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
    [Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 337
    [Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 153/3

  • Keywords

    Agriculture, Ploughs, Retailing, Shops