1 Cash, Issued by, Madras Presidency, India, 1803
Minted by Soho Mint, Birmingham

Obverse Description

A lion rampant facing left holding Imperial crown (from the EIC crest); in exergue, 1803.

Reverse Description

The denomination in Persian script; in exergue, 1 CASH.

Edge Description



The Presidency of Madras placed a large order for copper coins with Matthew Boulton's Soho Mint, Birmingham, England in 1802. The denominations to be struck were 20, 10, 5 and 1 cash. It was cheaper to have such a large order of copper coins, some 35 million pieces, struck on Boulton' steam presses and shipped to India, than to have them struck locally. Local production of copper coins continued through the early 1800s with the local coins circulating side by side with the British strikings. The Soho coins were designed by John Phillip and the dies engraved by Conrad Heinrich Kuchler. By 23 May 1803 almost 18 million 1 cash coins had been shipped from London. In Madras they circulated at 40 cash to the fanam and 42 fanam to the pagoda.

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