Copper one Penny Token, minted and issued by J.C. Thornthwaite of New South Wales, in 1854. Thornthwaite was the first person to manufacture tokens and medals in Australia. Migrating to Sydney in 1849, his tokens are noteworthy for the lack of clarity of detail in design because the dies were not cut deep enough and he lacked the tools to produce high quality tokens. Thornthwaite also worked as a medallist, particularly after tokens were made illegal in NSW in 1868.
Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
A round copper token (34 mm dia) featuring the name and buisness of the issuer, J.C. Thornthwaite, Die Sinker Medallist and an Arms of New South Wales supported by a kangaroo and emu badle struck up. The reverse requires careful examination to see the design.
Within line circle, two roses; around which, . DIE SINKER . / [AND] / MED[ALLI]ST; around above, J.C.THORNTHWAITE; around below, . BOURNE STREET SURRY HILLS .
Australian arms; around above, [ADVANCE AUSTRALIA]; below, 1854
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 15/3/1976
Obverse: J.C.THORNTHWAITE BOURNE STREET SURRY HILLS DIE SINKER [AND] MEDALIST Reverse: [ADVANCE AUSTRALIA] 1854
Type of item
14.204 g (Weight)
Note: This token was once considered to be of the uniface (Andrews 580). Careful examination however shows ther was a reverse. An example in the Dixon Library collection is the same as this. However the uniface type does occur, the private collector Ken Downie had one which I examined at the time of his sale and could see no reverse details. John Sharples.
[Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 579
[Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 251