Summary

23 mm gilt medal commemorating Peace in the Boer War
obverse Lord Roberts
Mint: Stokes & Sons
Other Details: medal issued to commemorate peace at the end of the Transvaal (Boer) War. In 1899 the Boers, descendants of Dutch settlers, declared war on the British forces. They were disgruntled with interference in local affairs by the British, who had maintained a presence in the region for over a century. Enthusiastic civilians throughout the Australian colonies volunteered for service, supported by their respective colonial governments. Over 15,000 served in colonial contingents during the Boer War. The first joint colonial regiment, the Australian Regiment, was formed from companies from Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania. The British gradually wore down Boer resistance, and peace was declared on 31 May 1902. The Peace of Vereeniging replaced the British military administration with a civil administration, eventually leading to self-government. Australian casualties in the war totalled about 1400, with 518 killed. Six Australians were awarded the Victoria Cross for their bravery. The new Federal Government granted money to assist incapacitated Boer War veterans and their dependents.

Obverse Description

Bust of Lord Roberts 3/4 left; around, LORD ROBERTS V.C. S. AFRICA 1900

Reverse Description

Within wreath, IN / COMMEMORATION / OF / PEACE / BRITISH BOER / WAR / "LEST WE FORGET"

Edge Description

Plain

Significance

In 1899 the Boers, descendants of Dutch settlers, declared war on the British forces. They were disgruntled with interference in local affairs by the British, who had maintained a presence in the region for over a century. Enthusiastic civilians throughout the Australian colonies volunteered for service, supported by their respective colonial governments. Over 15,000 served in colonial contingents during the Boer War. The first joint colonial regiment, the Australian Regiment, was formed from companies from Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania. The British gradually wore down Boer resistance, and peace was declared on 31 May 1902. The Peace of Vereeniging replaced the British military administration with a civil administration, eventually leading to self-government. Australian casualties in the war totalled about 1400, with 518 killed. Six Australians were awarded the Victoria Cross for their bravery. The new Federal Government granted money to assist incapacitated Boer War veterans and their dependents. -National Archives of Australia Fact Sheet #67. http://www.naa.gov.au/publications/fact_sheets/fs67.html. -D. Tout-Smith 5/2/2004.

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