Summary

This ceramic jar was excavated at the Commonwealth Block site between 1988 and 2003. It was manufactured for Holloway's ointment which contained opium. The address printed on the jar suggests it was manufactured before1867, when Holloway's moved from The Strand to Oxford Street, London.

Health and hygiene.
'Cleanliness is next to Godliness'. This is a difficult maxim to follow when 'there is not one bath in sixty', when sewerage gathers in cesspits and open drainage channels line the streets.But the residents of Little Lon did practice personal hygiene. Archaeologists have uncovered toothbrushes and toothpaste pots, scent bottles, soap dishes, combs and hairbrushes.
Clean teeth and neat hair did not guarantee good health however. Doctors were expensive, so ordinary people had to rely on medicines like Holloway's Ointment and Hall's Vegetable Pain Conqueror as well as Chinese herbal remedies. Children were dosed weekly with the laxative castor oil, to keep their bowels regular.

Physical Description

This is a small, white jar with black writing and neutral glaze. It has no lid and is almost complete except for large chip on top and small one on base. There is a crack on one side which extends across the base.

Physical Description

Small, white jar with black writing No lid Almost complete, large chip in top and small one on base Crack on one side, extending across base. Previously recorded as pre-1867.

More Information

  • Collection Names

    Little Lon Collection

  • Collecting Areas

    Historical Archaeology

  • Acquisition Information

    Transfer from Heritage Victoria, Industry Superannuation PropertyTrust, 03/05/2005

  • Manufacture Name

    Professor Holloway

  • Manufacture Date

    -1867

  • Manufactured For

    Holloways, 244 The Strand, London, England, Great Britain, circa 1860

  • Inscriptions

    Reads 'HOLLOWAYS OINTMENT FOR THE CURE OF INVERTEBRATE ULCERS BAD LEGS SORE BREASTS SORE HANDS GOUT AND RHUMETISM...244 THE STRAND LONDON' still more

  • Context Number

    18/08

  • Site

    [CCS] Australia, Victoria, Commonwealth Block, Melbourne

  • Distinguishing Marks

    Reads 'HOLLOWAYS / OINTMENT / FOR THE CURE OF INVERTEBRATE ULCERS / BAD LEGS SORE BREASTS SORE HEADS / GOUT AND RHUMETISM / In Pots 1s I2 d2/9 4/6 11/22/& 33 Each / BY THE PROPRIETOR / 244 THE STRAND LONDON' inside border of interlinking chain.

  • Activity

    Pharmaceutical

  • Specific Activity

    Jar - Ointment

  • Decoration

    Transfer-printed

  • Colour

    Black

  • Placement

    Convex

  • Form

    Flat; Straight-sided

  • Shape

    Round

  • Provenance

    England, London

  • Classification

    Historical archaeology

  • Category

    History & Technology

  • Discipline

    Archaeology - Historical

  • Type of item

    Object

  • Exhibition Collection Management

    46 mm (Width), 37 mm (Height)
    Width = Diameter

  • References

    Australian Bottle Price Guide, Number 2. R. and C. Roycroft, 1977
    25 Pages

  • Keywords

    Making History - Little Lonsdale Street