Silver coin; Denomination: Penny
Berwick Mint (possible)
Alexander III (1249-1286), second coinage
Coins of the second issue of Alexander II have no names of moneyers or mints (18 mints had been involved in the first coinage). The new issue follows closely the re-coinage of Edward I of England in 1279 which had also abandoned the use of moneyer and mint names. The reverses of the Scottish coins do however contain some variety in the form of mullets and stars with different combinations and numbers of points. This may have had meaning in terms of the responsible mint.
Spink p. 19 suggests "Coins with a total of 24 points (Berwick(possible)) account for around 56% of the total output ... 26 points (Perth(possible)) account for 23%"
At centre within line circle crowned head of the King facing left with sceptre at left; around, + ALEXANDER DEI GRA
At centre partly within beaded circle long cross with six pointed voided mullet in each angle (24 points); around, REX SCOTORVM +
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 15 Mar 1976
circa 1280 AD
Type of item
20 mm (Outside Diameter), 1.25 g (Weight)
[Book] 2003. Coins of Scotland Ireland and the Islands., Spink 5052 Pages
[Catalogue] Pullin, Ruth. 2011. Nature Revealed: Eugene von Guerard.