Lions occur in most sub-Saharan African countries and in India. There are no wild populations outside of designated protected areas. This female was raised in captivity at Werribee Open Range Zoo and donated to the museum shortly after her death in 2009.

Populations of lions have declined by around 43% since the early 1990s. The major causes of their population declines are humans killing them in self-defence, loss of habitat and reduction in numbers of their prey, often also due to loss of habitat or poaching. In the past hunting has been linked to population decline, but well-regulated hunting now appears to have a positive impact on conservation efforts.

Assessing the conservation status of lions is complicated. In some areas of their range populations are considered to be Endangered or even Critically Endangered, but in others they are more secure and in some places populations are even increasing. Considering the species across its entire range, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists lions as being Vulnerable. Trade in lions or lion products from wild populations is prohibited by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) to ensure that international trade does not threaten them with extinction.

Specimen Details

  • Taxon Name

    Panthera leo

  • Preferred Common name


  • Identified By

    Werribee Open Range Zoo

  • Number Of Specimens


  • Sex


  • Stage Or Age


  • Specimen Nature

    Mount Dry

  • Collected By

    Werribee Open Range Zoo

  • Sampling Method

    Died in captivity

  • Category

    Natural Sciences

  • Scientific Group

    Vertebrate Zoology

  • Discipline


  • Collecting Areas


  • Type of Item



Geospatial Information

  • Precise Location

    Captive (Werribee Open Range Zoo)