General Description

Dark brown to dark grey in colour with a light grey underside. Very long ears that fold down when at rest. Wings are short and wide. Body size up to 5.8 cm.

Biology

Gould's Long-eared Bat roosts in tree hollows of old eucalypts, but sometimes in buildings. Up to 25 female bats may live together in a colony, although males generally roost alone. Individuals can sometimes be found under the bark of trees and in old nests of birds. It flies close to the ground when hunting and catches flying insects. It can also snatch non-flying insects off the ground or leaves. It usually eats its prey on the fly. It tends to hibernate in winter for stretches of up to eleven days at a time, living off fats stored during the late summer and early autumn. It only breeds once a year and usually gives birth to one or two young in late spring or early summer. The young are weaned at the age of six weeks and can be seen flying in January.

Distribution

Eastern and south-western Australia.

Habitat

Sclerophyll forests and woodland, including forest remnants.

More Information

  • Animal Type

    Mammals

  • Animal SubType

    Bats

  • Brief Id

    Dark brown to dark grey in colour with a light grey underside. Very long ears that fold down when at rest.

  • Colours

    Brown, Grey

  • Maximum Size

    6 cm

  • Habitats

    Forest, Woodland

  • Diet

    Insects

  • Hazards

    Normally harmless, but it is best to avoid handling any bat because they may carry the potentially fatal Australian Bat Lissavirus (ABLV), which is transmitted through scratches or bites.

  • Endemicity

    Native to Australia

  • Commercial

    No

  • Taxon Name

    Nyctophilus gouldi

  • Scientific Author

    Tomes, 1858

  • Common Name

    Gould's Long-eared Bat

  • Kingdom

    Animalia

  • Phylum

    Chordata

  • Subphylum

    Vertebrata

  • Class

    Mammalia

  • Order

    Chiroptera

  • Family

    Vespertilionidae

  • Subfamily

    Vespertilioninae

  • Genus

    Nyctophilus

  • Species Name

    gouldi