Coin issued by Cales, Campania, Italy, Ancient Greek States, circa 250 BC
Minted by Cales
Head of Athena facing left wearing a crested Corinthian helmet, border of dots
Cock standing to right; behind a star, in front (largely worn) CALENO
Cales (modern Calvi) was the site of a Roman Latin Colony from 334 BC. Occupied by the Aurunci, a group from the Latium-Campania border region of Italy, it was apparently part of the area conquered by Rome circa 313 BC after which Cales became the centre of Roman rule in Campania. Cales became an important Roman base during the second Punic war, though like many Italian cities it lost faith in Roman victory briefly in 209 BC.
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 15 Mar 1976
circa 250 BC
Type of item
20 mm (Outside Diameter), 7.069 g (Weight)
BMC. Italy page. 80 No. 26 SNG. ANS Part 1 No.188 and Plate 5 Oxford Classical Dictionary entries for Aurunci and Cales. Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage Vol.1 p. 137
[Book] Poole, Reginald S. 1873. A Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Italy., 80 Pages
[Catalogue] Pullin, Ruth. 2011. Nature Revealed: Eugene von Guerard.