Coin issued by Cales, Campania, Italy, Ancient Greek States, circa 250 BC
Minted by Cales
Head of the Greek goddess Pallas Athena facing left wearing a crested Corinthian helmet.
Cock standing to right with CALENO in front. Part of a star just on flan behind cock.
Cales (modern Calvi) was the site of a Roman Latin Colony from 334 BC. Occupied by the Aurunci, a group from the Latium-Campania border region of Italy, it was apparently part of the area conquered by Rome circa 313 BC after which Cales became the centre of Roman rule in Campania. Cales became an important Roman base during the second Punic war, though like many Italian cities it lost faith in Roman victory briefly in 209 BC.
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 15/3/1976
circa 250 BC
Eugene von Guerard, Melbourne, Greater Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, pre 1880
Purchased from Sanders of Geelong, pre 1880. Coin was found in an NGV safe during McArthur Bequest incorporation, about 1904. Catalogue Vol.1, p.6.
Type of item
6.641 g (Weight)
cf BMC. Italy p.80 No.26 but no border of dots cf SNG. ANS. Part 1 No. 188 and Plate 5 Oxford Classical Dictionary entries for Aurunci and Cales. Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage Vol.1 p. 137
[Book] Poole, Reginald S. 1873. A Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Italy., 80 Pages
[Catalogue] Pullin, Ruth. 2011. Nature Revealed: Eugene von Guerard.