This copper one Penny Pattern Token, designed by J.C. Thornthwaite in 1850, was the first attempt to manufacture a token in Australia. Thornthwaite was the first person to manufacture tokens and medals in Australia. Migrating to Sydney in 1849, his tokens are noteworthy for the lack of clarity of detail in design because the dies were not cut deep enough and he lacked the tools to produce high quality tokens. Thornthwaite also worked as a medallist, particularly after tokens were made illegal in NSW in 1868.

Physical Description

A uniface round copper token (35 mm dia) featuring an Arms of New South Wales, with the shield tipped right, supported by an emu and kangaroo. The thickness varies from 2 mm onthe worn side to 3 mm.

Obverse Description

Arms of New South Wales tilting to right supported by emu (left) and kangaroo; above, ADVANCE A[USTR]ALIA; below, ONE PENNY / TOKEN / 1850

Reverse Description


Edge Description


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