Copper one Penny Token, minted by W.J. Taylor of London. Issued by Henry J. Hall, Christchurch, New Zealand, circa 1862. Henry Hall was a grocer, wine and spirit merchant and ran a coffee mill. He arranged for two mints to strike tokens, W.J. Taylor in London, and Stokes in Melbourne. Hall issued nineteen penny token varieties, and three halfpennies. They were very simply designed, with text and no graphic elements.
Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name and business of the issuer: H.J. Hall, Christchurch coffee mills, family grocer, wine and spirit merchant.
Across centre between elongated diamond shaped bars, H.J. HALL around above and below, CHRISTCHURCH COFFEE MILLS the stops after H and J are square.
Across centre between elongated diamond shaped bars, H.J. HALL around above and below, FAMILY GROCER : WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT :
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 20 Jul 1998
circa 1862 AD
Obverse: H.J. HALL CHRISTCHURCH COFFEE MILLS Reverse: H.J. HALL FAMILY GROCER WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANT
Type of item
34 mm (Outside Diameter), 14.432 g (Weight)
Hall employed two mints to strike his tokens, W.J. Taylor and Stokes. Both firms later meployed the dies to make restrikes and concoctions for collectors. This token is a Taylor strike for details of Stokes products, referred to in the catalogues as 'without bars' see NU 3788. Die identification is the basis of standard references and the museum storage system. This is a Taylor product 'with bars', the dies are: Obverse + to C of CHRIST E to M of MILLS Other B HENRY J. HALL ONE PENNY C 3.0 mm 3.0 mm D 2.0 mm 4.0 mm D2 as D but die deteriorated through rusting - may indicate a later strike E 2.1 mm 5.0 mm F 1.5 mm 4.0 mm Reverse Y to G of GROCER Other 4 2.0 mm
[Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 165
[Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 91/3
[Book] Lampard, William H. 1981. Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes., No. 322f
[Book] Humberstone, Vaughn. 2010. Merchants Making Money.