Australia Victoria Melbourne
T. Warburton Token Penny, 1862 (AD)
Mint: Thomas Stokes
Standard References: Andrews 602 = Heyde 260/3 = Sharples 175a
Other Details: Struck from die combination A / Emu 1 with obverse die cracked down left side (see References for details). Heavy weight (c. 18 g.) standard
A copper trade token penny (32 mm diameter) featuring the name address and business of the issuer: T. Warburton, 11 Little Bourke St. West, Melbourne, Iron & Zinc Spouting Works. The reverse is from a Stokes stock die Emu 1: At centre an emu standing facing left in front of a rising sun with thirteen long light rays. Below on a scroll the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA (without the spread bouquet of rose thistle and shamrock emerging below scroll that occurs on other stock emu dies). Around above, VICTORIA . 1862, around below in two lines, T. STOKES _ MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. This token has been damaged.
At centre within a line circle T. WARBURTON 11 LITTLE COLLINS ST. WEST around, IRON & ZINC SPOUTING WORKS : MELBOURNE : The die was cracked when this token was struck.
At centre an emu standing facing left in front of a rising sun with thirteen long light rays. Below on a scroll the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA (without the spread bouquet of rose thistle and shamrock emerging below scroll that occurs on other stock emu dies). Around above, VICTORIA . 1862, around below in two lines, T. STOKES _ MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. Border of 122 beads, the beak of the emu is cut by the 6th ray. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Emu 1 = Heyde Emu 1 = Andrews 17
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 15 Mar 1976
Obverse: T. WARBURTON 11 LITTLE COLLINS ST. WEST MELBOURNE IRON & ZINC SPOUTING WORKS Reverse: VICTORIA 1862 T. STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS ST EAST MELBOURNE
Type of item
34 mm (Outside Diameter), 18.525 g (Weight)
Andrews 602 = Heyde 260/3 = Sharples 175a T. Warburton advertised in the Melbourne Directory for 1862 as a galvanised iron spout maker. The same year he employed Stokes to strike a large order of penny tokens. Three obverse dies were needed to complete the order using Stokes stock reverse dies for the reverses. In all seven combinations of dies have been confirmed with an additional two reported by Andrews and repeated by Heyde (with the rider Not Seen) rejected by Sharples (JNAA.7.67-8). Identification of the obverse die employed for a particular token can be made by following the steps: 1. If there is no stop after the abbreviation ST of BOURKE ST it is obverse C 2 If there is a stop and the word WEST is 11.0 mm long it is obverse B 3. If there is a stop and the word WEST is 11.8 mm long it is die A (this die cracked down the left side through the letters NC od ZINC through the W, T and B to the I of IRON if present this die crack is a clear identifier of obverse A.) The museum storage and standard references are based on these die identifications. The following die combinations with stock Stokes reverses (Numbered according to Sharples JNAA.7 pp. 5 -10) have been confirmed: A/Emu 1 (two weight standards), B/Sheaf 1, B/Arms 6, C/ Emu 1, C/Vine 1, C/Vine 2 and C/Sheaf 1
[Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins.
[Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand.
[Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77.