Copper One Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Son, Birmingham. Issued by S. Hague Smith, Ironmonger, Auckland, circa 1862. Samuel Hague Smith was born in Lincolnshire in 1840. He arrived in New Zealand in 1859 and established himself as an Ironmonger and shipowner in Auckland. He achieved prominence as a politician, and it has been suggested that Smith's tokens may have been part of his successful campaign for the Newtown seat in the Provincial Council in 1870. Smith fought during the Maori wars and was rewarded with a block of land on Auckland's waterfront at Northcote. He later moved to Sydney, where he became a director of the Colonial Mutual Life Insurance Company. He died in Sydney in 1917. This token commemorated the death of Prince Albert on 14 Dec. 1861.
Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name, address and business of the issuer: S. Hague Smith, Auckland, wholesale and retail Ironmonger. The reverse features a profile head of Prince Albert and gives the dates of his birth and death - August 26 1819 to 14 December 1861. This token has been cleaned and varnished.
Legend in five lines with the maker's name between to straight lines: WHOLESALE & RETAIL / IRONMONGER / S. HAGUE SMITH / MERCHANT / AUCKLAND
Profile head of Albert left, bare, around above PRINCE ALBERT around below BORN AUGT. 26 1819 DIED DECR. 14 1861
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 15 Mar 1976
circa 1862 AD
Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Greater Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862-1870
This attribution was made by Andrews p.84, and followed by Lampart p.55, but it seems doubtful Stokes could have cut this portrait in 1862. Probably a British maker was involved in what was a massive issue with seven obverse dies which were hubbed. The latter complication in itself suggests it was not Stokes. - J.S., Dec 2004.
Obverse: WHOLESALE & RETAIL IRONMONGER S. HAGUE SMITH MERCHANT AUCKLAND Reverse: PRINCE ALBERT BORN AUGT. 26 1819 DIED DECR. 14 1861
Type of item
34 mm (Outside Diameter), 13.49 g (Weight)
The S. Hague Smith issue required seven obverse and three reverse dies for its production. The identification of the dies employed in the production of a particular token are the basis of the standard references and the museum storage system. The dies can be identified as follows: Obverse AUCKLAND W to line A under D under Other A 17.8 mm 2.0 mm M NT Die chipped above RE of RETAIL B 19.5 mm 2.0 mm M T E of IRONMONGER & A of MERCHANT re-entered C 18.0 mm 1.5 mm ME NT D of AUCKLAND re-entered also die cracked under D D 19.3 mm 1.0 mm M NT Edge chipped 08 to 10 E 20.8 mm 1.6 mm M T die cracked E & RETAIL F 19.5 mm 0.8 mm M NT A of AUCKLAND RE-ENTERED edge chipped 06 & 08 G ? ? M T Reported by George Dean further details needed Reverse After 1819 P of PRINCE to B of BORN
[Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 471
[Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 224/1
[Book] Lampard, William H. 1981. Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes., No. 341a
[Book] Humberstone, Vaughn. 2010. Merchants Making Money.