Gold coin; Denomination: Angel
Tower Mint, London
King James I (1603-1625); Second Coinage
An Angel was current at 10 shillings and was made with standard gold (23 carats 3 1/2 grains fine with 1/2 grain of alloy), other gold coins of James I with the same current value were of Crown Gold (22 carats fine with 2 carats of alloy).
This coin has been pierced for use as touch-piece. The king was believed to have the 'God given' power of healing by his touch, particularly of scrofula, a form of tuberculosis of the bones and lymph nodes, commonly known as the King's (or Queen's) Evil. Many miraculous cures were recorded after a formal ceremony at the end of which touch-pieces like this were distributed to those treated. Failures were considered to be due to a lack of faith on the part of the sufferer. The practice began with Edward the Confessor and ended under Queen Anne.
Archangel St. Michael standing with both feet on a dragon piercing it through the mouth; coin pierced through the head of St. Michael and chipped to edge; around, (mm. coronet) 'IACOBVS D G MAG BRIT FRA ET HI REX'.
Ship bearing a large shield which is quartered with the joint arms of England and France (1 & 4), Scotland (2) and Ireland (3); mas, bearing top castle, appears from shield and divides I and a rose; around, (mm. coronet) 'A DNO FACTVM EST IST[V]D' (the V removed by the piercing) (translation, This is the Lord's doing).
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 15/5/1976
Purchased, Felton Bequest, 1929
Type of item
4.378 g (Weight)
[Book] North, J. J. 1963. English Hammered Coinage., North 2081 Pages
[Book] Skingley, Philip. 2007. Coins of England and the United Kingdom., Spink 2616 Pages