Copper One Penny Token, minted by W.J. Taylor, London. Issued by D.T. Mulligan, Queensland Stores, Rockhampton, 1863. It is likely that Mulligan opened his 'Queensland Stores' in either 1862 or 1863, after the discovery of Copper and Gold at nearby Peak Downs. The Early History of Rockhampton includes the following comment about Mulligan and his tokens: 'Copper (coins) were even harder to get than Silver and several of the leading business people had copper tokens struck, which were accepted as pennies, while at the same time they served as advertisements. The late Mr D.J [sic] Mulligan circulated a large number of these tokens, which remained in use for ten or fifteen years.' Mulligan is said to have 'sold out to H.F. Walton, and retired to Ireland, where he died.' (Rockhampton City Council, personal correspondence).
A round bronze token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name and address of the issuer: D.T. Mulligan, Queensland Stores Rockhampton. The reverse features a Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right a anchor. Below is the date 1863.
QUEENSLAND STORES / ROCKHAMPTON / D.T.MULLIGAN
At centre Coat of Arms consisting of a central shield below a Rising Sun supported by an emu at left and kangaroo at right all resting on a ribbon with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA. The shield is quartered and contains: upper left - a golden fleece; upper right - a three-masted sailing ship; lower left - a bull standing facing left; lower right a anchor.; above, QUEENSLAND; below, 1863
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 15 Mar 1976
Obverse: QUEENSLAND STORES ROCKHAMPTON D.T.MULLIGAN Reverse: QUEENSLAND 1863 ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
Type of item
34 mm (Outside Diameter), 14.706 g (Weight)
-Advertisement.Pugh's Queensland Almanac for 1864. Unnumbered page; -Advertisement. The Rockhampton Bulletin. 3 January 1865: p1; -Advertisement.The Rockhampton Bulletin. 5 January 1865: p1; -Advertisement. The Rockhampton Bulletin. 1 April 1865: p3; -Personal Correspondence. Rockhampton City Council. 2005: 2 pps; -McLeod, S. "Notes on Rockhampton Token Issuers." The Report of the Australian Numismatic Society. December 1963: pp.98-99.
[Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 392
[Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 189