Copper One Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Sons, Birmingham. Issued by E. De Carle & Co, Grocers & Spirit Merchant, Melbourne, in 1855. De Carle arrived in Australia in 1849. Over the following fourteen years he was involved in a wide range of business ventures in Melbourne, taking advantage of the explosive growth caused by the gold rush. He later moved to New Zealand, where he died. De Carle's three different tokens, which featured his business as 'Grocers and Spirit Merchants,' 'Auctioneers and Land Agents' and 'Auctioneers, etc.,' indicated the range of his business activities and speculation. He was also involved in the urbanisation of Footscray and a section of Brunswick. De Carle operated his businesses with a number of partners, in a network of business dealings.
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: Edwd. DeCarle & Co, auctioneers Melbourne. The reverse features a female figure, representing Tasmania, seated left on shield decorated with Union Jack, in her right hand she extends a balanced set of scales and in her left she rests a sword with point against the ground, around, + TASMANIA + ANNO 1855 .
Within a border of 146 beads in four lines the first and last curved, EDWD. DE'CARLE & CO. / AUCTIONEERS / &c. / MELBOURNE
At centre, a female figure seated left on shield decorated with Union Jack, in her right hand she extends a balanced set of scales and in her left she rests a sword with point against the ground, around, + TASMANIA + ANNO 1855
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), Eugene von Guerard, 15 Mar 1976
Obverse: EDWD. DE'CARLE & CO. AUCTIONEERS &c. MELBOURNE Reverse: TASMANIA ANNO 1855
Type of item
33 mm (Outside Diameter), 14.054 g (Weight)
E. DeCarle & Co. arranged for three issues of trade token pennies. His first, as a grocer and spirit merchant (see NU 3679) was probably isssued in about 1853 - it was struck by Pope & Co with the same reverse die employed for the issue of I. Booth & Co (see NU 3569). His second issue was commissioned in 1855 from Heaton & Sons, Birmingham or W.J. Taylor of London featured a lion and seated Justice (NU 3677). His final issue, also of 1855 has a seated figure of Tasmania on the reverse although it was struck for him as a Melbourne auctioneer (this token). There is also a rare pattern for this final issue which featured a portrait of Lord Raglan (not held).
[Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 105
[Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 61
[Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 60