Copper one Penny mule token minted by W.J. Taylor of London, circa 1880. Commissioned by Lipman Levy of Wellington, New Zealand. Born in London, Levy moved to Wellington in 1842 and opened a business importing and manufacturing shoes and grindery (tools for shoemakers and leatherworkers). Levy issued four varieties of tokens, three pennies and one halfpenny, which were issued between 1857 (when the first tokens were issued in New Zealand) and his death in 1880. The dies used to strike Levy's tokens remained in London and were used about 1880 to make mules, such as this one, with other token dies by W.J. Taylor.
Tokens were demonetised in New Zealand on March 25, 1897, however this mule shows no wear characteristic of circulation.
Previous Collections: National Gallery of Victoria
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The piece features the name, address and business of the issuer: Lipman Levy, Lambton Quay, Wellington, importers and manufacturers of boots and shoes. The reverse features a bust of Wellington, laureate, facing right.
Legend in seven lines, the first and last curved around the rim; LIPMAN LEVY / IMPORTER / AND / MANUFACTURER / OF BOOTS / & SHOES / WELLINGTON, NEW ZEALAND
Bust of Wellington, laureate, facing right, around, WELLINGTON & ERIN GO BRAGH
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 15 Mar 1976
circa 1880 AD
Obverse: LIPMAN LEVY IMPORTER AND MANUFACTURER OF BOOTS * SHOES WELLINGTON NEW ZEALAND Reverse: WELLINGTON & ERIN GO BRAGH
Type of item
34 mm (Outside Diameter), 15.441 g (Weight)
[Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., no. 323
[Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., related to no. 48
[Book] Lampard, William H. 1981. Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes., no. 328b
[Book] Humberstone, Vaughn. 2010. Merchants Making Money.