Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne, 1862. Issued by J. Hosie, The Scotch Pie, Melbourne. James Hosie came to Melbourne in 1853 from Leith, Scotland. Hosie initially worked as a shoemaker, in Melbourne at the Western Markets and at the gold fields at Mount Blackwood. He returned to Melbourne and opened a shop, his father opened a pie shop next door and his success led James to follow suit. He was successful enough to move to better premises and then open both a hotel (the Baths Hotel) and Hosie's Baths, which were both successful businesses. Hosie invested heavily in land speculation at places such as Apollo Bay and Altona Bay. Unfortunately the boom burst and he had to go back to the mainspring of his wealth: selling pies. His last shop was in Little Collins Street. He died on March 30 1900, having made and lost a fortune, still running his pie shop.
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: J. Hosie, The Scotch Pie Shop, 10 & 12 Bourke St. East, Melbourne. On the reverse centre an emu standing facing left in front of a rising sun with fifteen long light rays. Below on a scroll the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA with a spread bouquet of rose thistle and shamrock emerging below scroll. Around above, VICTORIA . 1862, around below in two lines, T. STOKES _ MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. Border of 122 beads, the head of the emu is between the 7th and 8th ray.
At centre within a line circle, J. HOSIE / -10 & 12 - / BOURKE ST. / EAST with a thistle under the name; around THE SCOTCH PIE SHOP : MELBOURNE : The leaves of the thistle point below the J and below the E of J. HOSIE and the flower points to the letter H.
An emu standing facing left in front of a rising sun with fifteen long light rays. Below on a scroll the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA with a spread bouquet of rose thistle and shamrock emerging below scroll. Around above, VICTORIA . 1862, around below in two lines, T. STOKES _ MAKER / 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE. Border of 122 beads, the head of the emu is between the 7th and 8th ray.
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), Eugene von Guerard, 15 Mar 1976
Obverse: J. HOSIE 10 & 12 BOURKE ST. EAST THE SCOTCH PIE SHOP MELBOURNE Reverse: VICTORIA 1862 ADVANCE VICTORIA T. STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS STREET EAST MELBOURNE
Type of item
34 mm (Outside Diameter), 15.936 g (Weight)
Stokes had difficulty with dies breaking during the manufacture of Hosie's tokens. Three obverse dies were made and combined with six different stock reverse dies. There is no die linking between the obverses suggesting that a period of time passed between each die failing and the next being brought into use. See Sharples NAA 7 p.43-44.
[Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 265
[Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 121/1
[Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 95