Typewriter of the typewheel class manufactured by the Hammond Typewriter Company of New York, USA. The design was invented by Jame Bartlett Hammond and was first patented in 1880. The Model No. 1 came on the market in 1884. This machine is a Model No.1B which introduced some minor modifications to the Model 1.
In this typewriter the characters are carried on a curved strip or shuttle which is attached to a swinging wheel. Pressing a key rotates the wheel and shuttle to bring the selected character into position opposite a hammer. The spring-driven hammer then strikes the paper against the character and ribbon. Because the printed impression of each character was controlled by the hammer spring and not by the force with which the operator struck the key the Hammond typewriters had the reputation of producing very even looking print.

Different shuttles were available, allowing changes in fonts and languages. In some models two shuttles could be attached to the typewheel at the same time so that fonts could be changed simply by rotating the typewheel through 180 degrees on its spindle. Hammond typewriters were available with either a curved keyboard (known as the 'Ideal') as with this machine, or a straight keyboard (known as the 'Universal').

Physical Description

Plated metal frame attached by screws to wooden baseboard. Rubber paper feed roller on carriage. Mesh wire cylindrical paper holder on carriage below feed roller. Folding wire paper support above roller. Ink ribbon carried between two spools on vertical axes. Swinging wheel fitted with type shuttles rotates on vertical axis in front of paper feed roller. Curved two-row non-QWERTY keyboard with 30 character keys. 'FIG' and 'CAP' keys in centre of top row. 'SPACE' key in centre of lwer row. No backspace key. All keys rectangular, black with white lettering. Curved black strip partially covers mechanism behind keyboard. Front edge of baseboard curved to match keyboard. Wooden cover fitted over machine, held to baseboard by a catch on each side.

More Information

  • Collecting Areas

    Information & Communication

  • Acquisition Information

    Donation from C. S. Middleton, 04/1961

  • Manufacturer

    Hammond Typewriter Company, New York, New York, United States of America, circa 1895

  • Inscriptions

    On centre of curved plate over mechanism behind keyboard: 'Hammond' Embossed on plate on top front centre of baseboard: 'THE / HAMMOND / TYPEWRITER Co. N.Y. / PAT'D FEB 3, 1880 / [List of patent dates] JULY 18, 1893' On centre of curved front of wooden cover: 'Hammond' NOTE: Object physically numbered with incorrect registration number '25800' on top of baseboard and on underside of cover (as at 2 July 2010).

  • Classification

    Communications, Typewriting, Mechanical

  • Category

    History & Technology

  • Discipline


  • Type of item


  • Overall Dimensions

    350 mm (Width), 342 mm (Depth), 185 mm (Height)
    Overall dimensions with cover in place.

  • Overall Dimensions

    350 mm (Width), 342 mm (Depth), 170 mm (Height)
    Overall dimensions of typewriter with cover removed

  • Keywords

    Office Equipment, Typewriters