Summary

Two Lire bank note issued by Ministry of Treasury, Italy, 23 Nov 1944. One of ten paper bank notes from Czechoslovakia, France and Italy, collected by Esma Banner during her time working for the United Nations in Europe. Collection includes one 10 Franc note and two 2 Franc notes from France, one 10 Korun note and one 5 Korun note from Czechoslovakia, one 10 Lire note, one 5 Lire note and one 1 Lira note from Italy, and two 2 Lire notes issued by the Ministry of Treasury.

Esma Banner worked in displaced persons camps in the US zone of Germany after World War II as an employment and welfare officer for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), which later became the International Refugee Organization (IRO), from 1945 to 1951. Banner was one of 39 Australians who went to Germany to assist with post-war repatriation and re-settlement of refugees displaced by the war. More than 1000 displaced persons' camps were established by the Allied Forces. Initially created as temporary processing centres, the camps became longer term sites of accommodation, employment, education and recreation for refugees who could not, or did not want to, be repatriated to their countries of origin. Esma travelled to several countries around Europe for both work and recreation purposes.

Physical Description

Bank note with green and yellow obverse and female head wearing a crown on the left hand side. Reverse is orange.

Obverse Description

On the left is a female crowned head in oval with ornate frame. In the banner above ITALIA, in banner below MINISTERO DEL TESORO On the right on ornate background DVE LIRE, serial numbers and signatures

Reverse Description

2 LIRE inside decorative circles at both left adn right hand side with italian inscription inside an octagon in the centre. At top R.D.L. 20 MAGGIO 1935, N. 874 At bottom D. MIN. 23 NOVEMBRE 1944

Significance

The Esma Banner World War II UN Worker Collection is an extensive and diverse collection of objects, documents, photographs and archival material which explores the experiences of an Australian woman working for the United Nations assisting in the relief and rehabilitation of millions of displaced people in Europe after World War II. Esma Banner served with the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) and later with the International Refugee Organization (IRO) at displaced persons' camps in Germany from 1946 to 1951. She was one of fewer than 40 Australians employed by UNRRA and IRO during this period.

This collection recounts the often untold story of immigration from the perspective of a migration worker and enables the documentation of many themes relating to post World War II migration including life in the displaced person camps, international refugee management, creativity and cultural maintenance, and the political complexities of post-war resettlement. Of particular note are the craft items created by refugees living in displaced persons' camps. This collection holds a variety of men's and women's work, thus providing a significant insight into life within the camps. These objects also serve as valuable examples of cultural practices and traditional skills.

This collection and accompanying documentation presents a unique perspective of the post-World War II relief effort. Esma's diaries and letters in particular offer her personal insights and observations and demonstrate how civilians contributed to the reconstruction effort in Europe. In addition, these items add to the emerging collections of material describing women's involvements during times of conflict, as well as the larger narratives that illustrate Australia's wartime experience. After World War II hundreds of thousands of homeless, stateless or displaced people lived in camps before resettling in Western countries including Australia. This collection retains ongoing cultural relevance to these large migrant communities across Victoria and Australia. With the population of post-war displaced persons' survivors aging, the collection contributes to preserve their stories and experiences as part of a greater Australian migration narrative.

More Information