Pouches and garments were sewn with distinctive geometric and curvilinear designs using silk ribbon and glass beads. The patterning denoted affiliation with particular North American Woodlands groups, and Mi'kmaq were known for a particular T-shaped element in their work. Beadwork and ribbon applique were also applied to the hems of cloth coats and leggings that are thought to have replaced leather garments made from deer or moose and trimmed with moose hair and decorated with porcupine quills. Pouches were also traditionally made from leather. The use of ribbon applique, bead work and cloth was well established by the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, as these items were popular trade goods brought by the earliest European settlers in Canada, mainly fur traders. Buttons also appeared on garments and other objects. By the turn of the twentieth century beadwork was being produced for the tourist market and was highly sought as a souvenir.

Physical Description

A pouch made of dyed leather and trade cloth. It is appliqued with silk ribbon and decorated with glass beads in floral and geometric designs.

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