View of the interior of the Indian Court in the Great Hall at the 1880 Melbourne International Exhibition held at the Exhibition Buildings, Carlton Gardens, between 1 October 1880 and 30 April 1881.

In addition to the main permanent Exhibition Building, two permanent annexes as well as a large, central wooden temporary annexe was constructed to house the courts of various countries, or to include larger items from countries already represented in the main Building.

The Indian Court in the Great Hall was situated in the western nave in the far south-west corner, next to the New South Wales Court and opposite one of the Victorian Courts on the oppossing northern wall of the nave.

At the time of the 1880 International Exhibition, India was still part of the British Empire and the Court's focus was to promote the commercial potential and produce of 'British India'. It is therefore not surprising that a journalist for Hobart's Mercury newspaper should report that the commissioners responsible for the Indian Court 'are thoroughly systematic in their management of things,a nd their whole thoughts appear to be concentrated in the determination to give the Exhibitino a practical business turn ... I think I observed that it is one fot he most attractive Courts in the building; the goods are magnificent, the information given respecting them is abundant, and the afternoon cup of tea (which is perculiarly agreeable to the elect, that is, members of the Commissions, Commissioners' wives and daughters, and other genteel and well-favoured ladies) proves an additional incentive to visitors. it is intended to open up a trade in tea grown in India with the Australasian colonies, New Zealand, etc.'

This is one of sixty-one photographs in a presentation photograph album titled '1880 Melbourne International Exhibition' presented to Thomas B. Hill. Hill was the Assistant Secretary of the 1880 Melbourne International Exhibition. This leather bound album was given to Hill, and all the Exhibition Commissioners, by the Exhibition Trustees. The photographer is believed to be Ludovico Hart, acting on a private commission from the Exhibition Trustees.

Description of Content

International Exhibition at Exhibition Building, Melbourne, 1880: interior view showing the Great Hall in the Indian court.

Physical Description

Monochrome, gold-toned, silver gelatin photograph in a black leather bound album with decorative gold tooled border and gold tooled lettering in centre of front cover. Inside, 61 monochrome photographic plates showing exterior and interior views of the 1880 International Exhibition, held at the Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne. Each photograph is mounted on heavy buff coloured card and has a simple black line border with a title beneath the photograph.


The Royal Exhibition Building has played an important role in Melbourne's social commercial and sporting life since it was built for the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. The building's size and scale provide us with a physical example of 'boom-time' Melbourne in 1880. The international exhibitions of the late 1800s provided the fledgling Australian colonies with a forum in which to showcase their progress in commerce and industry to the world. This album is significant for its detailed visual record of the first international exhibition held in Melbourne. It has clear views of the colonial & international courts, as well as specific prominent exhibits. It also provides a contemporary view of the Exhibition Building interior and exterior in the year it was constructed.

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