Summary

Black and white image of Acacia maideni, or the "J.H. Maiden Wattle," one of the variety which flowers in March, photographed by A.J. Campbell and included on page 49 in his book Golden Wattle published in 1921.

A well-known Naturalist, Campbell argued for recognition of Wattle as a symbol of Australian patriotism. Campbell promoted spring excursions in search of wattle to establish the Wattle Club in 1899, and conduct annual expeditions on 1 September to collect wattle. In 1908 he delivered a lecture which became very popular, "Wattle Time; or Yellow-haired September," and in it he advocated for a national Wattle Day. Wider acceptance of a national Wattle Day was achieved at a major Australian Wattle Day League Conference in Melbourne in January 1913. Branches were formed in a number of states, with the general aim of officially proclaiming wattle as the national floral emblem and extending Wattle Day celebrations throughout the nation. About this time, wattle was officially introduced to representations of the Commonwealth coat-of-arms and in December of the same year, the first wattle blossom stamp was issued. As public support for Wattle Day reached a peak, World War I broke out. Wattle took on a new significance in the war years as a potent symbol of home for military personnel serving overseas, and as a means of raising money for organisations such as the Red Cross. Beautifully designed Wattle Day badges as well as wattle sprigs were sold. Ironically, the destruction of wattle for Wattle Day displays and fund-raising sales reached such heights that farmers within an hour of Melbourne locked their gates and wrote angry letters to newspapers. The use of badges depicting wattle instead of actual wattle saved many blooms. Campbell was also one of the first nature photographers in Australia. Campbell's adoration of the wattle and his nature photography come together in this series of images. Campbell notes that this variety of Wattle, Cootamundra is "probably the most popular of wattles; flowers most abundantly and early (June)."

This black and white glass lantern slide is one of many that make up the A.J. Campbell Collection held by Museum Victoria.

Description of Content

Tree in front garden

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