Semuncia issued by Etruria, Italy, Ancient Greek States, circa 208 BC
Attributed to Arretium in Etruria
Bipennis (double headed axe) with handle on left; Etruscan letter which looks like a retrograde 'F' to right.
Robinson attibutes coins, including this type, bearing the Etruscan letter F as a mint mark, to the important ciy of Arretium. Arretium (modern Arezzo) was the most north-eastern city in Etruria and had been under Roman influence from the 3rd century BC. This city was a centre of anti-Roman tension for a couple of years after 209 BC when it still seemed possible that Hannibal would win the Second Punic War; the Romans needed to move their Apulian army of two legions to the city. This coin, with its traditional Etruscan design may have been issued with intent to influence people against Rome. Later in the war, when Roman victory bacame clear, the city returned to full support of Rome.
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 15/3/1976
circa 210 BC
Eugene von Guerard, Victoria, Australia, pre 1880
Listed in Eugene von Guerard's catalogue, vol.1, p.5. The coin was purchased by Eugene von Guerard for 3 shillings 6 pence from von Haart of New Zealand, before 1880. According to the catalogue von Haart purchased it at Constantina Algusia. The coin became misplaced in the 19th century and was rediscovered in an NGV safe during McArthur Bequest incorporation, about 1904. It was given the origin number 2 in the Chitty list. Incorrectly listed twice in the first NGV coin collection stock book due to a mis-reading of the von Guerrard catalogue.
Type of item
1.926 g (Weight)
cf. BMC. Greek Coins, Italy, p.19 no. 10. cf SNG American Numismatic Society Part 1, Etruria - Calabria, No.56 & plate 56. Dating and proposed mint attribution derived from E.S.G. Robinson, "Coinages of the Second Punic War", NC 1964, p. 46 - 48.
[Book] Poole, Reginald S. 1873. A Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Italy., 19 Pages
[Catalogue] Pullin, Ruth. 2011. Nature Revealed: Eugene von Guerard.