Semuncia issued by Etruria, Italy, Ancient Greek States, circa 208 BC
Attributed to Arretium in Etruria

Obverse Description

Six-spoked wheel

Reverse Description

Bipennis (double headed axe) with handle on left; Etruscan letter which looks like a retrograde 'F' to right.

Edge Description



Robinson attibutes coins, including this type, bearing the Etruscan letter F as a mint mark, to the important ciy of Arretium. Arretium (modern Arezzo) was the most north-eastern city in Etruria and had been under Roman influence from the 3rd century BC. This city was a centre of anti-Roman tension for a couple of years after 209 BC when it still seemed possible that Hannibal would win the Second Punic War; the Romans needed to move their Apulian army of two legions to the city. This coin, with its traditional Etruscan design may have been issued with intent to influence people against Rome. Later in the war, when Roman victory bacame clear, the city returned to full support of Rome.

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