Copper One Penny Token, minted by Pope & Co, Birmingham. Issued by E. De Carle & Co, Grocers & Spirit Merchant, Melbourne, circa 1853. De Carle arrived in Australia in 1849. Over the following fourteen years he was involved in a wide range of business ventures in Melbourne, taking advantage of the explosive growth caused by the gold rush. He later moved to New Zealand, where he died. De Carle's three different tokens, which featured his business as 'Grocers and Spirit Merchants,' 'Auctioneers and Land Agents' and 'Auctioneers, etc.,' indicated the range of his business activities and speculation. He was also involved in the urbanisation of Footscray and a section of Brunswick. De Carle operated his businesses with a number of partners, in a network of business dealings.
Previous Collections: George McArthur
A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: E. DeCarle & Co, Melbourne and Plenty, grocers and spirit merchants. The token features on the reverse Britannia seated facing left on a rock against which rests a shield decorated with the Union Jack. Britannia extends an olive branch in her right hand and rests a trident from her left. A crudely illustrated three-masted sailing ship is on the horizon at left.
At centre, GROCERS / & SPIRIT/ MERCHANTS around, .E. DE CARLE & CO. MELBOURNE & PLENTY VICTORIA.
Britannia seated facing left on a rock against which rests a shield decorated with the Union Jack. Britannia extends an olive branch (with twelve leaves) in her right hand and rests a trident from her left. A three-masted sailing ship is on the horizon at left; above, BRITANNIA.
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), George McArthur, 15/3/1976
circa 1853 AD
Obverse: E. DE.CARLE & CO. MELBOURNE & PLENTY VICTORIA GROCERS & SPIRIT MERCHANTS Reverse: BRITANNIA
Type of item
16.12 g (Weight)
E. DeCarle & Co. arranged for three issues of trade token pennies. His first, as a grocer and spirit merchant (this token) was probably isssued in about 1853 - it was struck by Pope & Co with the same reverse die employed for the issue of I. Booth & Co (see NU 3569). His second issue was commissioned in 1855 from Heaton & Sons, Birmingham or W.J. Taylor of London featured a lion and seated Justice (see NU 3677). His final issue, also of 1855 has a seated figure of Tasmania on the reverse although it was struck for him as a Melbourne auctioneer (see NU 3681). There is also a rare pattern for this final issue which featured a portrait of Lord Raglan (not held).
[Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
[Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
[Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 104
[Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 62
[Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 58