Summary

Copper one Penny Token, minted by W.J.Taylor of London or Heaton & Sons of Birmingham. Issued by T. Butterworth & Co, Drapers, Grocers & General Provision Merchants in Castlemaine, 1859. Although this business is named for an individual it was in fact run by four Butterworth brothers, Thomas, Robert, Benjamin and John. The brothers purchased their business from Messrs Sargood and Gardner, around 1856. The brothers were noted for conduct befitting successful men of their time, and involved themselves in the life of their community. Tom and Ben played Cricket for the Australian squad that played against the touring English Eleven in 1863, and Ben represented Victoria on several occasions during the 1860s. They were noted in the 1863 Victorian Cricketers Guide as batsmen and capable fielders. As activity at Castlemaine decreased, the brothers recognised the decline of their prospects and moved to Dunedin, New Zealand, sometime between 1862 and 1864, where their store was said to be thriving in 1910.

Previous Collections: George McArthur

Physical Description

A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token features the name and address of the issuer: T. Butterworth & Co., 1 Forest St. Castlemaine. The reverse features a female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow.

Obverse Description

. T.BUTTERWORTH & Co. / 1 / FOREST / STREET / CASTLEMAINE The numeral 1 is 3.4 mm tall, border of 128 beads.

Reverse Description

A female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow, in exergue, 1859.

Edge Description

Plain

More Information

  • Collection Names

    McArthur Bequest

  • Collecting Areas

    Numismatics & Philately, Sustainable Futures, Working Life & Trades

  • Acquisition Information

    Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), George McArthur, 15/3/1976

  • Date Issued

    1859 AD

  • Issued By

    Butterworth, T.& Co, Castlemaine, Victoria, Australia, 1859

  • Mint

    W.J.Taylor, Mint, London, England, Great Britain

  • Previous Collection

    George McArthur

  • Inscriptions

    Obverse:T. BUTTERWORTH & Co. 1 FOREST STREET CASTLEMAINE Reverse: 1859

  • Denomination

    1 Penny

  • Series

    Trade Tokens

  • Material

    Copper

  • Axis

    12

  • Classification

    Trade tokens, Australia - victoria, Working strikes

  • Category

    History & Technology

  • Discipline

    Numismatics

  • Type of item

    Object

  • Dimensions

    14.409 g (Weight)

  • Shape

    round

  • References

    Two obverse dies were needed to complete the Butterworth orders for tokens. They are most easily identified by the height of the numeral 1 of the address and the bead count around the rim: Obverse height of 1 Border Beads A 4.1 mm 135 B 3.4 mm 128 Both obverse dies were used with a reverse giving details of the company business, Reverse 1 and in 1859 with a reverse depicting a seated figure of Justice, Reverse 2. This token was struck with the die combination B/2 This work has normally been associated with W.J. Taylor in London but Heaton & Son may also have produced this reverse type.
    [Thesis] Lugton, Mary E. 1989. George McArthur of Maldon: his Life and his Book Collection.
    [Catalogue] Morrison, Ian. 2003. The Baker of Maldon.
    [Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 54
    [Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 33
    [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 20

  • Keywords

    Drapers, Grocers, Law & Justice, Retailing, Shops, Spirits, Wholesale Trade, Wine & Spirit Merchants