Summary

Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne, 1862. Issued by J. Hosie, The Scotch Pie, Melbourne. Surcharged J.T. James Hosie came to Melbourne in 1853 from Leith, Scotland. Hosie initially worked as a shoemaker, in Melbourne at the Western Markets and at the gold fields at Mount Blackwood. He returned to Melbourne and opened a shop, his father opened a pie shop next door and his success led James to follow suit. He was successful enough to move to better premises and then open both a hotel (the Baths Hotel) and Hosie's Baths, which were both successful businesses. Hosie invested heavily in land speculation at places such as Apollo Bay and Altona Bay. Unfortunately the boom burst and he had to go back to the mainspring of his wealth: selling pies. His last shop was in Little Collins Street. He died on March 30 1900, having made and lost a fortune, still running his pie shop.

Physical Description

A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: J. Hosie, The Scotch Pie Shop, 10 & 12 Bourke St. East, Melbourne. On the reverse at centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with eleven large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, but still within the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER MEL.; around above, VICTORIA . 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS. Border of 116 beads. This token has been surcharged J.T.

Obverse Description

At centre within a line circle, J. HOSIE /-10 & 12-/ BOURKE ST. / EAST with a thistle under the name; around THE SCOTCH PIE SHOP : MELBOURNE : surcharged J.T.

Reverse Description

At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with eleven large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, but still within the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER MEL.; around above, VICTORIA . 1862, around below the Latin IN VINO VERITAS. Border of 116 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 3 = Heyde Vine 3 = Andrews 7.

Edge Description

Plain

More Information

  • Collection Names

    Alfred Chitty Collection

  • Collecting Areas

    Home & Community, Numismatics & Philately, Working Life & Trades

  • Acquisition Information

    Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), Mr Alfred Chitty, 15/3/1976

  • Date Issued

    1862 AD

  • Issued By

    J Hosie - The Scotch Pie Shop, 10-12 Bourke Street East, Melbourne, Greater Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862

  • Mint

    Stokes (Mint), 100 Collins Street East, Melbourne, Greater Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862
    Possibly stamped by J.T.Thomas of Geelong, who issued other token patterns.

  • Previous Collection

    Mr Alfred Chitty

  • Inscriptions

    Obverse: J. HOSIE 10 & 12 BOURKE ST. EAST THE SCOTCH PIE SHOP MELBOURNE surcharged J.T. Reverse: VICTORIA 1862 IN VINO VERITAS T. STOKES MAKER MEL.

  • Denomination

    1 Penny

  • Series

    Trade Tokens

  • Material

    Copper

  • Axis

    05

  • Classification

    Trade tokens, Australia - victoria, Surcharged strikes

  • Category

    History & Technology

  • Discipline

    Numismatics

  • Type of item

    Object

  • Dimensions

    16.79 g (Weight)

  • Shape

    round

  • References

    The Hosie issue of penny tokens required three obverse combined with six Stokes stock reverse dies for it's production. Identification of the die combination employed to make a particular token is the key to both the standard references and the museum storage system. The dies can be recognised by: Obverse Leaf of thistle 10 & 12 Other A points to J 14.0 mm no bars before and after address numerals B passes below J 14.0 mm no bars before and after address numerals C passes below J 14.0 mm bars before and after address numerals Reverse dies were Stokes stock dies The following die combinations have been recorded: A/Arms 2, A/Arms 3, A/Arms 1, B/Emu, 1 C/Emu 2, C/Vine 3 (this token)
    [Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No.266
    [Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No.122
    [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V.96

  • Keywords

    Food, Pies, Retail Trade, Retailing, Surcharged Tokens, Take Away Food