Summary

Australia Victoria Melbourne
Warnock Brothers Token Penny, 1861 (AD)
Mint: Heaton & Sons, Birmingham (earlier associated with W.J. Taylor London, see Andrews p. 97)
Previous Collections: George McArthur
Standard References: Andrews 603 = Heyde 264 = Sharples V.182

Physical Description

A copper trade token penny (34 mm diameter) featuring the name and cities of buisness of the issuer: Warnock Bros. Melbourne & Maldon around a female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. The reverse is a stock 'Peace and Plenty' type: a coat of arms consisting of a central shield below a rising sun with emu and kangaroo supporters. The shield is quartered and contains: top left, Golden Fleece, top right, three masted sailing ship, bottom left bull standing facing left, bottom right, anchor. The supporters stand on a pair of simple curved lines which also hold the base of the shield, a ribbon bearing the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA is draped across these lines below their feet. Around above, PEACE & PLENTY, below, 1861

Obverse Description

Female figure representing Justice seated on a wool bale with legs to left but her head and upper body to front. A wine barrel lies on the ground behind her and a three-masted sailing ship sails to the right on the horizon to the left. She wears a blindfold and extends a balanced set of scales with her right hand. With her left she holds an inverted cornucopia from which fruits flow onto the ground. She wears an ancient-style of flowing dress bound at the waist, her left arm bare and right draped to near the elbow. Around above, WARNOCK BROS. MELBOURNE & , in exergue, MALDON

Reverse Description

Coat of arms consisting of a central shield below a rising sun with emu and kangaroo supporters. The shield is quartered and contains: top left, Golden Fleece, top right, three masted sailing ship, bottom left bull standing facing left, bottom right, anchor. The supporters stand on a pair of simple curved lines which also hold the base of the shield, a ribbon bearing the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA is draped across these lines below their feet. Around above, PEACE & PLENTY, below, 1861

Edge Description

Plain

More Information

  • Collection Names

    McArthur Bequest

  • Collecting Areas

    Numismatics & Philately, Working Life & Trades

  • Acquisition Information

    Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), George McArthur, 15/3/1976

  • Date Issued

    1861 AD

  • Issued By

    Warnock Bros, Melbourne, Greater Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1861

  • Mint

    Heaton & Sons (Mint), Birmingham, England, Great Britain, 1861

  • Previous Collection

    George McArthur

  • Inscriptions

    Obverse: WARNOCK BROS. MELBOURNE & MALDON Reverse: PEACE & PLENTY ADVANCE AUSTRALIA 1861

  • Denomination

    1 Penny

  • Series

    Trade Tokens

  • Material

    Copper

  • Axis

    12

  • Classification

    Trade tokens, Australia - victoria, Working strikes

  • Category

    History & Technology

  • Discipline

    Numismatics

  • Type of item

    Object

  • Dimensions

    14.234 g (Weight)

  • Shape

    round

  • References

    Andrews 603 = Heyde 264 = Sharples V.182 -Gardner, F.. 'Trade tokens and the firms who issued them.' The Australian Storekeepers and Traders Journal. 31 May 1910: p. 10; -Public Records Office of Victoria, Internet index to Unassisted Immigrants to Victoria, 1852 - 1923. VPRS 7666; -Sharples, J.. "Catalogue of Victorian Trade Tokens." Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. Vol. 7. December 1993: pp.68 - 69; -Advertisement. The Mount Alexander Mail. 26 July 1861: p.1. -Hope, John. Warnock Brothers. Unpublished MSS. 2005: 2pps.
    [Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins.
    [Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand.
    [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77.

  • Keywords

    Advance Australia