Summary

Copper One Penny Token minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by T. Warburton, Iron & Zinc Spouting Works, Melbourne, 1862. Mr & Mrs Warburton arrived in Melbourne on New Year's Day 1954, after working in various jobs the couple established Thomas Warburton Pty. Ltd. in 1858 at 384 Bourke Street, Melbourne where it remained for 108 years. They ran the business together until 1871 when Thomas was killed, with Mrs Warburton managing the business until 1886. She then passed the management to Thomas H. and Ada Warburton. Thomas Warburton Pty. Ltd is today owned by the owned by the multinational Wurth Group. The company is based in Mulgrave, with branches at Sunshine, Kilsyth, Ballarat and Campbellfield.

Previous Collections: George McArthur

Physical Description

A copper trade token penny (32 mm diameter) featuring the name address and business of the issuer: T. Warburton, 11 Little Bourke St. West, Melbourne, Iron & Zinc Spouting Works. The reverse is from a Stokes stock die Sheaf 1: At centre a wheat sheaf tied with a cord, above, ADVANCE AUSTRALIA; below, 1862.

Obverse Description

At centre within a line circle T. WARBURTON 11 LITTLE COLLINS ST. WEST around, IRON & ZINC SPOUTING WORKS : MELBOURNE :

Reverse Description

At centre a wheat sheaf tied with a cord 4.7 mm long, above, ADVANCE AUSTRALIA; below, 1862 border of 114 beads. (Stock reverse Andrews type 21 = Heyde Sheaf 1 = Sharples Sheaf 1)

Edge Description

Plain

More Information

  • Collection Names

    McArthur Bequest

  • Collecting Areas

    Home & Community, Numismatics & Philately, Working Life & Trades

  • Acquisition Information

    Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), George McArthur, 15/3/1976

  • Date Issued

    1862 AD

  • Issued By

    Thomas Warburton - Iron & Zinc Spouting Works, Melbourne, Greater Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862

  • Mint

    Stokes (Mint), Victoria, Australia, 1862

  • Previous Collection

    George McArthur

  • Inscriptions

    Obverse: T. WARBURTON 11 LITTLE COLLINS ST. WEST MELBOURNE IRON & ZINC SPOUTING WORKS Reverse: ADVANCE AUSTRALIA 1862

  • Denomination

    1 Penny

  • Series

    Trade Tokens

  • Material

    Copper

  • Axis

    06

  • Classification

    Trade tokens, Australia - victoria, Working strikes

  • Category

    History & Technology

  • Discipline

    Numismatics

  • Type of item

    Object

  • Dimensions

    14.155 g (Weight)

  • Maximum dimensions

    2 mm (Length), 34 mm (Width), 2 mm (Depth), 34 mm (Height)
    Measurement From Conservation.

  • Shape

    round

  • References

    T. Warburton advertised in the Melbourne Directory for 1862 as a galvanised iron spout maker. The same year he employed Stokes to strike a large order of penny tokens. Three obverse dies were needed to complete the order using Stokes stock reverse dies for the reverses. In all seven combinations of dies have been confirmed with an additional two reported by Andrews and repeated by Heyde (with the rider Not Seen) rejected by Sharples (JNAA.7.67-8). Identification of the obverse die employed for a particular token can be made by following the steps: 1. If there is no stop after the abbreviation ST of BOURKE ST it is obverse C 2 If there is a stop and the word WEST is 11.0 mm long it is obverse B 3. If there is a stop and the word WEST is 11.8 mm long it is die A (this die cracked down the left side through the letters NC od ZINC through the W, T and B to the I of IRON if present this die crack is a clear identifier of obverse A.) The museum storage and standard references are based on these die identifications. The following die combinations with stock Stokes reverses (Numbered according to Sharples JNAA.7 pp. 5 -10) have been confirmed: A/Emu 1 (two weight standards), B/Sheaf 1, B/Arms 6, C/ Emu 1, C/Vine 1, C/Vine 2 and C/Sheaf 1
    [Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 600
    [Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 263/2
    [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., No. 176

  • Keywords

    Housing, Iron & Zinc Spouting, Plumbing, Urban Development, Wheat