Summary

Australia Victoria Melbourne
T. Warburton Token Penny, 1862 (AD)
Mint: Thomas Stokes

Standard References: Andrews 595 = Heyde 261/1 = Sharples V.179
Other Details: Die combination C / Vine 1 see notes tab for details.

Physical Description

A copper trade token penny (32 mm diameter) featuring the name address and business of the issuer: T. Warburton, 11 Little Bourke St. West, Melbourne, Iron & Zinc Spouting Works. The reverse is from a Stokes stock die Vine 1: At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with eleven large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, breaking the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER. 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE around above, VICTORIA 1862. This is the only stock vine die to not have the Latin motto IN VINO VERITAS. This token has been cleaned and the obverse has re-toned dark green and red

Obverse Description

At centre within a line circle T. WARBURTON 11 LITTLE COLLINS ST WEST around, IRON & ZINC SPOUTING WORKS : MELBOURNE :

Reverse Description

At centre within a line circle a piece of grape vine with eleven large leaves and two bunches of grapes, below, breaking the line circle the manufacturers name T. STOKES MAKER. 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE around above, VICTORIA 1862. Border of 120 beads. This is a Stokes stock reverse, used for many trade token issuers. It is numbered in the standard catalogues as: Sharples Vine 2 = Heyde Vine 2 = Andrews 8. This is the only stock vine die to not have the Latin motto IN VINO VERITAS. When struck the reverse die had chipped on the edge from 04 to 06 and 11 to 02.

Edge Description

Plain

More Information

  • Collection Names

    Royal Melbourne Mint Collection

  • Collecting Areas

    Home & Community, Numismatics & Philately, Working Life & Trades

  • Acquisition Information

    Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 11/1/1978

  • Date Issued

    1862 AD

  • Issued By

    Thomas Warburton - Iron & Zinc Spouting Works, Melbourne, Greater Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862

  • Mint

    Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Greater Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862

  • Previous Collection

    Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch

  • Inscriptions

    Obverse: T. WARBURTON 11 LITTLE COLLINS ST WEST MELBOURNE IRON & ZINC SPOUTING WORKS Reverse: VICTORIA . 1862 T. STOKES MAKER 100 COLLINS ST. EAST MELBOURNE.

  • Denomination

    1 Penny

  • Series

    Trade Tokens

  • Material

    Copper

  • Axis

    12

  • Classification

    Trade tokens, Australia - victoria, Working strikes

  • Category

    History & Technology

  • Discipline

    Numismatics

  • Type of item

    Object

  • Dimensions

    15.293 g (Weight)

  • Shape

    Round

  • References

    Andrews 595 = Heyde 261/1 = Sharples V.179 T. Warburton advertised in the Melbourne Directory for 1862 as a galvanised iron spout maker. The same year he employed Stokes to strike a large order of penny tokens. Three obverse dies were needed to complete the order using Stokes stock reverse dies for the reverses. In all seven combinations of dies have been confirmed with an additional two reported by Andrews and repeated by Heyde (with the rider Not Seen) rejected by Sharples (JNAA.7.67-8). Identification of the obverse die employed for a particular token can be made by following the steps: 1. If there is no stop after the abbreviation ST of BOURKE ST it is obverse C 2 If there is a stop and the word WEST is 11.0 mm long it is obverse B 3. If there is a stop and the word WEST is 11.8 mm long it is die A (this die cracked down the left side through the letters NC od ZINC through the W, T and B to the I of IRON if present this die crack is a clear identifier of obverse A.) The museum storage and standard references are based on these die identifications. The following die combinations with stock Stokes reverses (Numbered according to Sharples JNAA.7 pp. 5 -10) have been confirmed: A/Emu 1 (two weight standards), B/Sheaf 1, B/Arms 6, C/ Emu 1, C/Vine 1, C/Vine 2 and C/Sheaf 1
    [Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins.
    [Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand.
    [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77.

  • Keywords

    Housing, Iron & Zinc Spouting, Plumbing, Urban Development