Copper One Penny Token, minted by an unknown British Mint. Issued by Clarkson & Turnbull, Timaru, New Zealand, 1865. The firm of Clarkson and Turnbull was founded in 1863 at Timaru. The Principals were David Clarkson and Richard Turnbull. Timaru was only declared a Port of Entry in 1861, so it was still quite a young settlement when Clarkson and Turnbull opened their store. Their premises were of particular note in the township, 'a two-storey building at the corner of George Street and the South Road, whose cost would be about 2,500 [pounds]; plate glass for the windows was being imported from England at a cost of about 150 [pounds].' The business was the first to export flour from Timaru 'which since then has been continuous.' The partnership was disrupted on 9 December 1868 by a fire that consumed their premises, among a total of 30 buildings destroyed. After their premises were destroyed Clarkson & Turnbull dissolved their partnership. David Clarkson returned to Christchurch and Robert Turnbull remained in Timaru, carrying on their business in his own name.
A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The piece features the name, address and business of the issuer: Clarkson & Turnbull, general importers, drapers clothiers &c., Timaru. The reverse features a view of the local breakwater and lighthouse with a two-funnelled three masted steam sailing ship docking and a crowd of 14 people waiting on the breakwater. The number 574 is scratched in the field on the reverse.
Around a circle of beads, CLARKSON & TURNBULL 1865 within in five lines, GENERAL / IMPORTERS / DRAPERS / CLOTHIERS / &c
View of the local breakwater and lighthouse with a two-funnelled three masted steam sailing ship docking and a crowd of 14 people waiting on the breakwater. The number 574 is scratched in the field on the reverse. Above, NEW ZEALAND, in exergue, TIMARU
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), Mr Alfred Chitty, 15/3/1976
Obverse: CLARKSON & TURNBULL GENERAL IMPORTERS DRAPERS CLOTHIERS &c. 1865 Reverse: NEW ZEALAND TIMARU
Type of item
14.822 g (Weight)
Although only one reverse die was needed to manufacture this issue, three slightly different obverses were employed with it. Identification of the die combination used to manufacture a particular token is the basis of the standard references and the museum storage system. The three obverse dies can be recognised by: Obverse Rim border GENERAL verticle stroke of L of GENERAL A denticles 15.8 mm to vertical stroke of R B beads 15.9 mm to vertical stroke of R C beads 17.5 mm to middle of R The following die combinations have been recorded: A/1 (this token), B/1, C/1
[Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 69
[Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 43/1
[Book] Lampard, William H. 1981. Catalogue of New Zealand Coins Tokens Bank Notes., No. 312
[Book] Humberstone, Vaughn. 2010. Merchants Making Money.