1/2 Rupee, Issued by East India Company, Bengal, India, Year 19 (frozen)
Minted by New Calcutta Mint

Obverse Description

Persian legend without a hijri date (translation: Defender of the religion of Muhammad. Shah Alam. Emperor. Shadow of the divine favour, put his stamp on the seven climes)

Reverse Description

Julus formula (translation: Struck at Murshidabad in the 19 year of his tranquil prosperity), privy mark, crescent, near rim at 10 o'clock

Edge Description



The new Calcutta Mint was opened in 1830. It was steam powered and purchased from Boulton, Watt and Company of Birmingham, England. Proofs of the proposed design for the new coinage were were presented to the Government for consideration in June 1830. Circulation strikes, like this, were issues to the public from January 1831 they have plain edges and a crescent at the left end of the top line of the reverse

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