Centenary of Victoria 1934; Centenary of Melbourne, 1935 (AD)
Mint: Stokes & Sons
Other Details: Silvered bronze medal issued to commemorate Melbourne's centenary 1934-35. The medal also refers to Portland, the location of Victoria's first settlement. The Henty brothers, entrepreneur farmers and whalers, established the state's first permanent European settlement in Portland in 1834. Melbourne was established the following year by a party of settlers led by John Batman.
In 1934, as Melbourne planned to celebrate the centenary of European settlement, it seemed to some that there was little to celebrate. The financial strains of the depression, unemployment and the scandal of the city's slums all undercut claims of unbridled progress. Perhaps because of such troubles, the organisers of the centenary celebrations tried doubly hard to be positive. The themes of the celebrations were conservative, reflecting the desire of some Melburnians for security in troubled times. The widely promoted image of the 'Garden City' and 'Queen City of the South' emphasised the idea of Melbourne as a very British city. A visit by the Duke of Gloucester, son of George V, the ageing king, provided a reassuring strengthening of Melbourne's imperial connections. The presented view of Melbourne's history stressed the 'myth of the pioneer', embodied in the person of John Batman. Elevated to heroic status, he was reinvented as a courageous pioneer whose life exemplified the rewards of self-improvement. Such a portrayal ignored Batman's dubious 'treaty' with local Aborigines and the less savoury details of his personal life. Melbourne's indigenous people were excluded from this triumphant view of Melbourne's past. The centenary celebrations now seem dated, but the image of Melbourne as a conservative city largely influenced by Britain has been more enduring.
Scene of landing at Portland Bay; in ground below, PORTLAND / 1834; above, centenary of victoria / 1934
Pioneer on south bank of Yarra looking across to Melbourne, below 1835 above, CENTENARY / OF / MELBOURNE / 1935
Loop for wearing at top
Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978
Type of item
9.45 g (Weight)
Height to top of extended loop 37 mm.
Exhibition Collection Management
27 mm (Width), 37 mm (Height)