Copper Halfpenny Token, minted and issued by J.C. Thornthwaite of New South Wales, in 1854. Thornthwaite was the first person to manufacture tokens and medals in Australia. Migrating to Sydney in 1849, his tokens are noteworthy for the lack of clarity of detail in design because the dies were not cut deep enough and he lacked the tools to produce high quality tokens. Thornthwaite also worked as a medallist, particularly after tokens were made illegal in NSW in 1868.
Previous collections: National Gallery of Victoria
A round copper token (28 mm dia) featuring the name and buisness of the issuer, J.C. Thornthwaite, Die Sinker Medallist and an Arms of New South Wales supported by a kangaroo and emu.
Within line circle, two roses; around which, . DIE SINKER . / AND / MEDALLIST; around above, J.C.THORNTHWAITE; around below, . BOURNE STREET SURRY HILLS .
Australian arms; around above, SYDNEY NEW SOUTH WALES; below, 1854 . On ribbon below Arms, ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), 15/3/1976
Obverse: J.C.THORNTHWAITE BOURNE STREET SURRY HILLS DIE SINKER AND MEDALLIST Reverse: SYDNEY NEW SOUTH WALES 1854 ADVANCE AUSTRALIA
Type of item
9.424 g (Weight)
The word medallist was originally mis-spelled MEDALIST on this die (see NU 4448). Thornthwaite attempted to correct it and this is from the corrected form. It now seems to read MEDALLISIT.
[Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 583
[Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 250/2