Summary

Copper One Penny Token, minted by Thomas Stokes, Melbourne. Issued by S. Deeble, Draper, Melbourne, 1862. Samuel Deeble arrived in Melbourne in 1853. He opened a shop in Melbourne shortly after his arrival, in 1858 Deeble advertised in the Sands and McDougall Melbourne Directory, describing himself as a wholesale and retail draper, specalising in millinery including 'Bonnets, Hats, Bonnet Shapes, Blonds, Ribbons, Feathers &c., at wholesale prices.'

Physical Description

A round copper token (34 mm diameter) giving the name address and business of the issuer: S. Deeble, London House Bourke St. Melbourne, draper. The reverse features a wheat sheaf with evidence of die clashing (see Notes tab for discussion).

Obverse Description

Within plain circle superimposed above scrollwork, S.DEEBLE / DRAPER around, : LONDON HOUSE BOURKE ST. : MELBOURNE

Reverse Description

At centre a wheat sheaf tied with a cord 4.7 mm long, above, ADVANCE AUSTRALIA; below, 1862 border of 114 beads. (Stock reverse Andrews type 21 = Heyde Sheaf 1 = Sharples Sheaf 1) There is evidence of die clashing on this token see notes tab for discussion.

Edge Description

Plain

More Information

  • Collection Names

    Royal Melbourne Mint Collection

  • Collecting Areas

    Numismatics & Philately, Working Life & Trades

  • Acquisition Information

    Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 11/1/1978

  • Date Issued

    1862 AD

  • Issued By

    Samuel Deeble - Draper, Melbourne, Greater Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862

  • Mint

    Stokes (Mint), Melbourne, Greater Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 1862

  • Previous Collection

    Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch

  • Inscriptions

    Obverse:S.DEEBLE DRAPER LONDON HOUSE BOURKE ST MELBOURNE Reverse: ADVANCE AUSTRALIA 1862

  • Denomination

    1 Penny

  • Series

    Trade Tokens

  • Material

    Copper

  • Axis

    03

  • Classification

    Trade tokens, Australia - victoria, Working strikes

  • Category

    History & Technology

  • Discipline

    Numismatics

  • Type of item

    Object

  • Dimensions

    15.293 g (Weight)

  • Shape

    round

  • References

    S. Deeble arranged for trade tokens from Stokes in 1862, four variations resulted perhaps reflecting four different orders. On each the same obverse was employed but there were four different stock Stokes reverses. Two forms of the Arms, one with the motto ADVANCE AUSTRALIA and the other with the motto ADVANCE VICTORIA, one with the wheat sheaf and one with an emu. "An examination of the tokens suggests that V.61, with the Arms 1 reverse, was the first token type to be struck. On examples of V.61 there is no sign of clashing and the flans are thin. It would appear that Stokes then struck their own token, V.130, which has Stokes legend obverse and Sheaf 1 reverse, during that work the dies clashed. Then the Deeble obverse was reloaded with the Sheaf 1 left in place. This produced V.62 which had thin blanks and evidence of the recent die clash with the Stokes obverse on well preserved examples. The next isssue appears to have been V.63. During the production of these tokens with the Arms 5 reverse, the dies also clashed and Deeble's own die was slightly damaged (the number 86 from the reverse die's date being transferred). The clashing is visable on tokens from the final striking V.64. The forms V.63 and V.64 are both recorded with thin and thick flans and with two opposing settings of the die axis suggesting two settings of these die forms in the press at different times. Finally the Deeble obverse die may have been employed in the Twentieth century to produce a concoction with Emu 2. The Andrews manuscript includes a rubbing from this die combination but it has not been confirmed." J. Sharples NAA 7 p.34 For V.61 see NU 11132 for V.62 see NU 3687 for V.63 see NU 11134 for V.64 NU 3689 for the obverse die see NU 35778 This token "is one of the thin series of tokens issued by Stokes before he procured his rolling machine when he had to use any copper that was on the market, later he rolled his own copper of uniform thickness" Alfred Chitty collection catalogue 1923 p. 75.
    [Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 108
    [Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 65
    [Article] Sharples, John P. 1993. A Catalogue of the Trade Tokens of Victoria 1848 to 1862. Journal of the Numismatic Association of Australia. vol.7: p.1-77., V. 62

  • Keywords

    Drapers