Summary

Copper One Penny Token, minted by an unknown British mint. Issued by B. Palmer, Liverpool Arms, Sydney, circa 1857. Benjamin Palmer is listed as the publican of the Liverpool Arms Hotel between 1855 and 1867. B. Palmer was first listed as a publican in Ford's 1851 Directory at 'The Swan with Two Necks Tavern' on the corner of Park and George Streets South. In 1855 he was listed as the publican of the Liverpool Arms. Benjamin Palmer may have been a long serving alderman of Sydney (1870 to 1893), and Mayor of Sydney 1875-1876.

Physical Description

A round bronze token (34 mm diameter). The token design features the name, address and business of the issuer: B. Palmer, Liverpool Arms, Pitt & King Street, Sydney, wine and spirit depot. The reverse features a representation of the mythical Liver bird, featured on early Arms of Liverpool. The Liver holds a sprig of olive in its beak (interpreted by Chitty as a' liver weed', the sea-weed that proliferated in the estuary near Liverpool) and stands on a length of rope. This token has been cleaned and the reverse field toned red-purple, the obverse has re-toned green.

Obverse Description

At centre, B.PALMER / PITT & KING ST. / SYDNEY; above, WHOLESALE; below, WINE & SPIRIT DEPOT

Reverse Description

A liver bird standing on rope facing left with wings spread and holding an olive branch in beak; around, LIVERPOOL ARMS the field has been coloured red-purple while the relied is cleaned.

Edge Description

Plain

More Information

  • Collection Names

    Royal Melbourne Mint Collection

  • Collecting Areas

    Numismatics & Philately, Sustainable Futures, Working Life & Trades

  • Acquisition Information

    Transfer from Melbourne Branch of Royal Mint, 1978

  • Date Issued

    circa 1857 AD

  • Issued By

    Benjamin Palmer - Liverpool Arms, Sydney, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 1850-1868

  • Previous Collection

    Royal Mint, Melbourne Branch

  • Inscriptions

    Obverse: B.PALMER PITT & KING ST. SYDNEY WHOLESALE WINE & SPIRIT DEPOT Reverse: LIVERPOOL ARMS

  • Denomination

    1 Penny

  • Series

    Trade Tokens

  • Material

    Copper

  • Axis

    12

  • Classification

    Trade tokens, Australia - new south wales, Working strikes

  • Category

    History & Technology

  • Discipline

    Numismatics

  • Type of item

    Object

  • Dimensions

    14.226 g (Weight)

  • Shape

    Round

  • References

    The Liver Bird Another area of debate about the origins of the name Liverpool focuses upon the bird on the Liverpool seal. The name 'liver' is said to come from a type of waterfowl, named liver, or lever. The borough arms have been presented as proof of this but it has been suggested that no bird of that type has been found in the Liverpool area. The historian Sir J. A. Picton noted that the symbolic bird of Liverpool was the Eagle of St John, which meant that the name liver should not have been attributed to the bird. This theory is less certain due to the evidence presented by the town seal. By 1829 the seal featured an aquatic style, or water, bird which looked like a crane but the bird on the corporation seal (a copy of which is in Matthew Gregson's Fragments of the History of Lancashire) was not aquatic. The image on this seal is said to appear to be a dove with an olive branch, which had been made to look like seaweed. If this was the case, then the origin of the name was said to be topographical or related to the area itself. [Link 1]
    [Book] Andrews, Arthur. 1921. Australasian Tokens and Coins., No. 408
    [Book] Heyde, Gilbert C. & Skinner, Dion H. 1967. Unofficial Coins of Colonial Australia and New Zealand., No. 198

  • Keywords

    Retailing, Shops, Spirits, Wine & Spirit Merchants