Summary

Copper one Penny Token, minted by Heaton & Sons in Birmingham, circa 1857. Issued by Iredale & Co. Iron Merchants & Ironmongers, in Sydney. Transported to Australia in 1812 and later emancipated Lancelot Iredale, founded an Ironmongery firm in 1820. In 1844 Iredale and Co. provided supplies to the expedition mounted by explorer Ludwig Leichhardt that crossed Australia from Sydney to Port Essington. The following year Lancelot's son Robert took over the business. Thomas, Robert's brother, and Frederic Lassetter joined the firm in 1850. In 1854 Iredale and Co. issued their first tokens, making them one of the first companies to issue tokens in Australia. In 1855 George Iredale, another brother, joined the firm. In 1861 after Thomas' death, Lancelot Jr., the Grandson of the founder, became the principal of the firm.

Physical Description

A round copper token (34 mm diameter). The token design featuring the name, partial address, business and foundation date of the issuer: Iredale and Co., Sydney, iron merchants and general ironmongers. The reverse depicts Justice standing facing left, blindfolded and extending balanced scales from her right hand, her left hand rests on an inverted cornucopiae from which fruits flow. A sailing ship is seen on the horizon to the left of the figure. This token has been cleaned, the obverse has toned green and the reverse is worn. Iredale was a large issuer of tokens production of which involved four obverse and six different reverse dies. This is one of six issues with the Justice reverse, on which the word AUSTRALIA seems to have been individually entered. This has resulted in slight differences in the spacing of the first and last letters and the sea horizon, slight differences in the positiuon of the pand of the scales held by Justice and the letters and in the position of the head of Justice in relation to the letters RA of AUSTRALIA. This reverse is so worn the the start and finish of AUSTRALIA are not clear. However the position of the head, near the A, indicates the die employed in its production was die 3. The obverse of all dies bore the same legend. This die was characterised by the letters of the word SYDNEY being 3.0 mm tall; 116 dots around the edge and the H of MERCHANTS being placed above the top of the I of IREDALE.

Obverse Description

At centre within line circle, ESTABLISHED / 1820 / IREDALE & CO. / SYDNEY around, * IRON MERCHANTS AND GENERAL IRONMONGERS

Reverse Description

Justice standing facing left, blindfolded and extending balanced scales from her right hand, her left hand rests on an inverted cornucopiae from which fruits flow. A sailing ship is seen on the horizon to the left of the figure. Around above, [AU]STRAL[IA]

Edge Description

Plain

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