Letter to Chief Commissioner of Police, Melbourne from the Police Commissioner's Office, Sydney regarding departure of Chinese aliens from Australia through Port of Sydney. The letter indicates that correspondence accompanied the travel permits collected upon the departure of the Chinese aliens on the 'Tanda'. Ah Him is listed as one of the departing aliens. The letter is dated 5 December 1941.
Aliens (non-citizen residents) were closely monitored and were required to report changes of address and travel (both within Australia and overseas). These restrictions were even harsher for non-Europeans and Asian residents who were unable to apply for naturalisation, until 1957. During World War Two Aliens were monitored by State Police under the Commonwealth of Australia National Security (Aliens Control) Regulations.
Mr Ah Him was born on 12 October 1871 in Canton China. He is believed to have arrived in Australia in 1895 on the SS Eastern from Hong Kong, leaving his wife in China. He appears to have travelled back and forth between China on several occasions, most likely to visit his wife, who would have been unable to join him in Australia under immigration laws introduced in 1903. The National Archives of Australia have documents relating to requests by Mr Ah Him for exemption from the dictation test on his return to Australia from China. The dictation test was used by immigration officers as a means of restricting entry into Australia and enforcing the White Australia Policy.
Ah Him recorded as living in Northcote in 1940 and moved to Little Bourke Street towards the end of 1941, this change is recorded on this certificate. Mr Him was employed as a laundry man, which was a common occupation among Asian immigrants in the early 1900s. Employment in Victoria's laundries peaked in 1913 when 31 percent of laundry workers were Chinese.
Foolscap size paper headed 'copy' at top and return address 'Police Department, Commissioner's Office, Sydney, NSW' at top right hand corner. Purple stamp 'Special Branch Melbourne' also at top right hand corner. Subject listed as: 'Departure of Chinese aliens from the Commonwealth through the Port of Sydney'. List of six names with Ah Him underlined in red pencil.
These documents are a significant addition to the Museum's immigration documents collection. They are amongst the few documents in the collection to represent Chinese immigration and settlement experiences and illustrate Australia's immigration laws regarding residents categorized as 'aliens'. The collection is also of interest for the insight it offers into the involvement of the police in the administration of these laws. During the 1940s the state police branches administered and monitored 'alien' residents under the Commonwealth of Australia National Security (Aliens Control) Regulations (as well as the wartime enemy alien tracking) - this was prior to the formation of the Dept of Immigration in 1945. Finally, the documents are visually powerful, some including a photograph and fingerprints of one of the residents.
Donation from Robert James Larkins, 14/12/2005
Text, printed: COPY/POLICE DEPARTMENT/Commissioner's Office/SYDNEY, N.S.W./5th December, 1941/The Chief Commissioner of Police,/MELBOURNE. VIC./SUBJECT:/Departure of Chinese aliens from the Commonwealth/through the Port of Sydney.
Type of item
209 mm (Width), 335 mm (Height)
Short biography of Robert Larkins supplied by Victorian Police Museum