Alternative Name(s): Button

Wattle Day badge, circa 1910-1919.

The first 'national' Wattle Day was celebrated in Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide on 1 September 1910.

Wattle had become a symbol of Australia with the approach of Federation. It was particularly promoted by the Australian Natives' Association, established in 1871 and a strong advocate for native-born Australians and Federation.

Public support for Wattle Day peaked during World War I, when it was a potent symbol of home for military personnel serving overseas, and a means of raising money for organisations such as the Red Cross. Beautifully designed Wattle Day badges as well as wattle sprigs were sold. The influence of Wattle Day waned as the 20th century progressed, but in 1992 the Governor-General declared 1 September National Wattle Day.

Physical Description

Circular pressed metal badge with a plastic cover on the obverse, a metal back, and an attached pin. Off-white text and an illustration in yellow, green and light green ink appears on the obverse. In the centre, there is an illustration of a branch of wattle branches on a green background. Off-white text also appears on the bottom rim of the badge, but is partly obscured by the pressed fold of the obverse onto the metal back. The badge is discoloured and soiled. There are stains on the obverse. The reverse of the badge is tarnished, and the original gold colour has partly worn away.

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