Indian Peace Medal issued by President Andrew Johnson, United States of America, 1865. Peace medals played a significant role in relations between the United States government and the Native American population.
Following the British and French practice of handing out silver medals to tribal chiefs, George Washington began a policy of presenting peace medals to American Indian leaders at treaty signings and other formal ceremonies. Every subsequent American president from Thomas Jefferson to Benjamin Harrison is represented on an Indian peace medal, with the exception of William Henry Harrison. The medals were often produced in different sizes according to the rank of the recipients.
A bust of the President facing right; around, ANDREW JOHNSON PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES 1865.
Two figures clasping hands before a bust of George Washington; the figure on the right represents the United States, she holds a flag and stands among symbols on industry; in the background behind her, a steam train; the figure on the left represents American Indians, he stands among dropped weapons; in the background behind him an Indian on horseback hunts buffalo with a bow and arrow; on the stand within an olive wreath, PEACE.
The edge is plain
Transfer from National Gallery of Victoria (NGV), United States of America: Government
Type of item