This grey cardboard 'L' shapped pattern with its various text of 'Sandals, 10-12, 121 model' referencing type, size and model number was most likely used by Stanio Fancoff as part of his shoe patterning schemata sometime between the 1930s and 1970s. Along with many others, this pattern was an integral part of Stanio's shoemaking craft and business.

Stanio Ivanoff Fancoff was born in 1908 in Bojentsi, a small village in Bulgaria. At age 11, Stanio left home to learn the shoemaking trade. In 1929, he immigrated to Melbourne, settled in Fitzroy and began to work for the V.G. Zemancheff & Sons basket shoe factory in South Melbourne. In1936, he married Dorotea Georgi Touzou who had recently arrived in Australia. Around this time, Stanio set up his own shoemaking business from home, with Georgi, her cousin and sister weaving the shoes which he then assembled. Select shoe samples were then taken to Sydney and Tasmania for sale. In 1942, Georgi and Stanio moved to Broken Hill for Georgi's health; there daughter Nancy was born and Stanio set up a shoe shop/factory. In 1945, Georgi died and by 1950 Stanio and Nancy had moved to Adelaide where he again opened a shoemaking business and shop. He passed away in 1978, having been in the shoemaking business for 59 years. This collection documents his migration and working life experiences.

Physical Description

Grey cardboard pattern based within an 'L' shaped format. While the L's top cut into an upward facing 'V' has two horizontal grey pencil lines running its breadth, this section's midway is marked by a singular horizontal line and a small needle point hole. The lower left quadrant exhibits a 2mm puncture hole accompanied by various text. The reverse is commercial produced black matt with a brown line surface. Mimicking the front surfaces pencil line markings, the upper 'V' has one singular line with six short intersecting vertical lines.


This collection is significant in documenting a small migrant business as well as the fashion of a particular period. It is well provenanced and charts the application of trade skills in a new country. It also illustrates the stages of hand shoe manufacture from the 1930s, demonstrating the enduring nature of the tools and patterns that were used.

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