Work Card issued to Katarina Pimenowa (also Kateryna) by the Government of the Greater German Reich (commonly known as Nazi Germany or the Third Reich), dated 24 January 1944. These cards were issued to workers from the occupied eastern territories and states that it is only valid as long as the user is working as instructed.
Kateryna Caurs (nee Pimenow) was born on 7 July 1915 in Luzk, Poland. She grew up firstly in the Ukraine and then in Russia, where she studied mechanical engineering at the Moscow Technical Institute. From 1946 to 1949 Katerina worked with the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) and later as a clerk for the International Refugee Organisation (IRO). In 1950 Kateryna and her mother migrated to Australia. Due to her degree and previous work in Russia and Germany, Kateryna was able to work as a mechanical engineer once in Australia. She married Latvian immigrant Alexander Caurs in 1959.
Alexander was born in Latvia on 12 July 1926, he migrated to Australia in 1948, arriving in Sydney aboard the 'Charlton Sovereign' on 29 October. Alexander worked as a fitter, and was living in Camberwell when he was naturalised in 1959. He married Kateryna Pimenow the same year on the 10th July. His parent's Peter and Nadeshda Caurs migrated to Australia in 1950, although they appear to have left in 1956. From 22 August 1966 to 21 August 1970 he worked as a storeman for the Commonwealth of Australia Department of Works.
Description of Content
Part translation: working card for the labor forces out of the occupied east zones. Issued to Katarina Pimenow. Includes B/W Image of Katarina with no 1342 on sign around her neck. 2 fingerprints. 3 x stamps official Nazi.
Yellowing card with black print and details filled out in black type. It includes a black and white image of Katarina with no 1342 on sign around her neck. There are also two fingerprints on the card and three purple official Nazi stamps.
The Caurs collection represents the experiences of wartime dislocation and post-war immigration of a family from three cultural backgrounds, Polish, Latvian and Ukrainian. The principle story represented in the collection is that of Kateryna Caurs (nee Pimenow) and is one not often told, that of a professional educated woman, a mechanical engineer, whose qualifications were recognised in Australia.
Bequest from (Estate of) Mrs Kateryna Caurs, Geoffrey Park - McKean & Park
Type of item
14.7 cm (Length), 10.6 cm (Width)