Formed in 1885, Victorian Mounted Rifles companies were recruited in rural centres. Members of country rifle clubs formed a significant component. They were semi-professional: only a small allowance was paid to members. Mounted Riflemen were required to provide their own mount. Not to be confused with similarly named contingents to the Boer War. Part of the Victorian Colonial Military Forces - the umbrella term for organized Victorian (non-British) pre-colonial military activity.
National Archives of Australia Fact Sheet 134: 'Colonial defence personnel records held in Melbourne'