Joseph Edgar Boehm was born in Vienna and studied in Vienna, Paris and London, where he settled in 1862.
His work was favoured by Queen Victoria who commissioned him to execute bronze statuettes of her family and statues of herself and her father, the Duke of Kent, for Windsor Castle, and appointed him 'Sculptor in Ordinary to the Queen' in 1881.
Boehm was also a sculptor of medals and medallions, and modelled the head of Queen Victoria for the 1887 Jubilee coinage. He exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1882, and was elected to the Academy in 1889.
Boehm died shortly after being created a Baronet in 1889, his body being found in his studio by Princess Louise, his pupil.